SAP SD Interview Questions and Answers
Question.1 What are the five imp fields to be maintained in account determination?
Answer: Account Determination: Sales View, Sales Organization, Distribution Chanel, Chart of Accounts, Account Assignment Group for Customer and Material and Account Keys.
Question.2 What is meant by transfer of data from legacy code to sap Legacy Code ?
Answer 1: It should be legacy data to SAP. What it means is you want to transfer all the customer and materials and all other information from Older (legacy system) to new SAP system. You can do it using many tools, most noticeably MDMs.
Answer 2: Before installation of SAP, Data maintained by Company is called Legacy Data. At the time of installation, it is required to transfer Data from Legacy to SAP like Masters (Material/Customer, etc). It can be done in various ways like BDC, LSMW, etc.
Question.3 What do you do really in pricing determination, and what are the main deifferences between pricing procedures?
Answer 1: Pricing is determined by combination of Sales Organization, Distribution Channel, Division, Customer Pricing Procedure and Document Pricing Procedure.
Answer 2: We determine how the prices are calculated, taking into account sales area(sales org, distribution channel, division), document type and customer(generally sold-to-party).
The main differences between pricing procedures would be the differences as we mentioned above, from the point of view of field entries. Coming to the output and the procedure, Suppose the condition types used will be different and hence the following whole procedure. One pricing procedure determination to the others, which data control these differences
Question.4 What type of reports generally a support consultant maintain and report?
Answer: Depends on Customer requirements.
Question.5 What is the purpose of shipping point determination not menu path?
Answer: So that Shipping Point is determined automatically once the settings for the same are done.
Question.6 What and where types of copy controls we change?
Answer: Copy Control: is basically meant so that Data is copied from preceding Document to subsequent one. What subsequent Document is required is to some extent determined by Customer Requirements as well as Document Types. e.g. In general case of Standard Order, it will be Copy Control (Order to Delivery) from OR to LF .
Question.7 How to and where to maintain copy controls?
Answer: Check for yourself in IMG (Sales Document types and Delivery Document Types)
Question.8 What is purpose of maintaining common distribution channels and common divisions?
Answer: Common Distribution Channel and Common Division are maintained so that if any master data like customer or material maintained with respect to one distribution channel can be used in other DCh. It prevents the multiplication of master records.
Eg: A customer is created for say sales area 1000/20/00 then the same customer can be used in sales area 1000/30/00 if we maintain 20 as common distribution channel. Hence no need for extending the customers…the same for materials also.
Question.9 What is the difference between the Availability check 01 (Daily requirement) and 02 (Individual Requirement) in material master?
Answer: 01 and 02 are the checking group. Availability check is carried out with the help of these checking group and checking rule. Checking group 01 and 02 are maintained on the material master.
01 – Individual requirement -For this system generates transfers the requirement for each order to the MRP .So that MM can either produce or procure.
02- Collective requirement.-In this all the requirements in a day or in a week are processed at a time. System stores all request and passes on to the MRP in MRP run. In this system performance is high however you can not do the backorder processing whereas in other you can do.
Question.10 What is transfer order?
Answer: An instruction to move materials from a source storage bin to a destination storage bin in a warehouse complex at a specified time. A transfer order consists of items that contain the quantity of the material to move and specifies the source and destination storage bins. A transfer order can be created based on a customer delivery, a transfer requirement, or a posting change notice. Source and destination storage bins can be in different warehouses.
This is the term of Warehouse Management (LE-WM) and linked into SD Module, where clients business run through Warehouse
Question.11 What are MRP types?
Answer: Material Requirement Planning is concept of planning for the demand, whether we need the material
– to be planned internally
– to be procured externally
– to be planned in external system (ex APO
– No planning
– time based planning
Question.12 What is use of customer group?
Answer: Customer group is used for generating statistics and also used to give group pricing, and discounts etc...
Question.13 What is the difference between incomplete order and backorder processing?
Answer: Incomplete orders are the orders which have not maintained Completely as to full fill the business requirement to place the order ( as defined in incompletion proc by business).The backorder is the order in which has not confirmed in Full or not confirmed at a requested delivery date. (Certain delivery date)
Question.14 What are the Steps for the End-user Training in SAP-SD module?
1.we will decide who are the team members of end users
2. Arrange one common place for training
3.In a day with pre planned material and using development system with some hard copies of various transaction codes which will use by end users will distribute to them and ask them to practice
4.it is generally like a in house training which may remains for 2 day’s
5.after the training we will give them hard copies of list of transaction codes with narration which are relevant to their modules like SD related and PM related etc
Question.15 Why does the customer master have different views?
Answer: The main purpose of the customer views is for each dept to determine the roles effectively in customer
GENERAL DATA– deals with all the details regarding the customer
COMPANY CODE DATA– deals with financial aspects.
SALES AREA DATA– deals with sales; billing; shipping details along with the partner determination
Question.16 What is Lump sum payment?
Answer: Lump sum payment is a general term. It has no different meaning in the sap. Exact meaning of lump sum is full payment.
Question.17 What is t-code for listing the blocked documents?
Answer: VKM1 is for blocked document, VKM2 Released Doc.
Question.18 What is batch split?
Answer: If a material is managed in batches then you can carry out a batch split for every component. This means that if you Split a batch, you assign more than one batch to one Component. In this case, each batch is displayed as a Separate component in the component overview.Batch splits can only be triggered manually in the Production order.
The following requirements must be met for batch splitting:
(1)The material master record of the material must specify That the material is managed in batches.
(2)Batches must exist for the material.
Question.19 What is difference between SD account key and FI account key?
Answer: Account key is created and provided by FI. Account key determines the G/L account to which the amount is to be posted. SD defines account key in pricing and FI uses it for posting taxes.
To the maximum both are one and same to find the right G/L account through condition technique .SD Account key will be from Pricing procedure and the FI Account key is from the tax procedure. as far as my knowledge is concerned both the Key purpose is same.
Acct keys are defined in FI only, SD people only use them, say in pricing. But ultimately they r used for posting the amounts to relevant GL accounts only.